The first step of this project is to determine the current situation from an agro-climatic perspective.
Vulnerability to climate change varies widely across Europe, depending on the exposure to adverse climate pressures and the capacity to find adaptive solutions. The existing European studies regarding agricultural impacts for different farming systems have been compiled in a Baseline Report covering the four main EU Climate Risk Region, improved thanks to the contribution of regional experts.
In each agricultural system, relevant sustainable adaptation measures are potentially available but they may not be equally effective in different places due to technical, economic or other reasons. A review and screening of the available European and national literature has been conducted and the measures have been compiled in a Catalogue. Adaptation measures have been classified using broad categories such as soil conservation, water and irrigation efficiency, improvement of ecological infrastructure and genetic diversity. For each measure qualitative impacts have been screened to ensure their coherence with other European and National regulations.